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Garden Diary October 2018

October came and went within split seconds or so it seems. My original idea of writing this blog in the first half of each month seems to become more and more difficult, time runs at an enormous speed. Since October is nearly over I will focus on garden jobs which could be done in November at the end of this diary.

The planting of all spring bedding, sorting out bulbs, tidying away the endless supply of leaves, cutting back borders, saving seeds… the list seems endless. It is a good complaint I presume and our work days fly. Finally I got a chance to sit down and type out my recollection of the past few weeks. Yesterday was a beautiful day here in Connemara and the landscape was absolutely breathtaking. I went for a long walk along the Dawros River which starts here in Kylemore and is a bit of a magical place. The purity of the water means that the endangered fresh water pearl mussel is able to live in this fast flowing river and I  witnessed a mussel which just put out its foot to move along for finding the right spot to bury itself half way. It is a great sign to see these massive old mussels, they can have a life span of around 120 years. The natural flora growing along the river banks made it even more enjoyable, the red berries of Holly’s and the red fruits of wild roses were gleaming in the autumn sun.

Pic1 Freshwater Pearl Mussel


Today is a different story again, cold rain and gusts go right over the garden walls and make our work a bit more challenging.

Nearly all the spring bedding is planted and also the first spring bulbs have gone into the beds  too. Crocus, Hyacinths, Narcissus and Chionodoxa would be the first bulbs we plant. Tulips, Fritillarias and Anemones will follow soon. It is important to check the bulbs  in the store weekly and to remove rotted ones and to check for damage caused by mice.

Pic2 Our bulb store upstairs in the former Bothy, a nice dry, dark and cool place

It is always exiting when opening up the new bulb packages, I love the different shapes, sizes and colours. The varieties are all very unique and have their own special identification details like the dark red to brown coloured small bulb of Tulip turkestanica.

Pic3 Small  bulbs of Tulip tukestanica


Pic3 Planting out our own raised Forgetmenots on a nice sunny day!


Pic4 Spring bulbs are laid out for planting in our Diamond beds


The last carrots were dug up beginning October, ‘Autumn King’ must be our best growing and tastiest old variety we have and is also the last one to be harvest. The rich sweet flavour of a home grown carrot can’t be beaten . They were part of our last Vegetable sale for this year and sold out in no time.

Pic5 Carrots ‘Autumn King’, a heritage variety dating back to 1900


We also picked the last of the grapes. The crop quantity was average but the flavour quite intense and sweet.

Pic6 Our three grape varieties (left to right): ‘Black Hamburgh’, ‘Buckland Sweetwater’, Grizzley Frontignan’ (Muscat Vine)


This year was the first season we were able dig up a good crop of Chinese Artichokes. They belong to the Mint family and grow similar to Oca or Jerusalem Artichokes underground. The small white unusual looking rhizomes can be eaten raw or cooked. I like them raw since they have a lovely crunchy texture and a bit of a nutty taste.

Pic7 Chinese Artichokes


We wheld our traditional Halloween event last weekend once again. Despite the rather unpleasant weather we had a good turnout and over 300 children and their families who came to decorate their own fairy doors, witness the wise woman (Cailleach) casting spells, watch traditional turnip carving, taste home baked  brack or finding spots for hibernating frog houses. The event was finished off with a big Bonfire outside the garden walls and luckily the rain held off nicely . We also opened up the new fairy trail in our woodland play area. A remembrance tree in our restored Vinery invited everybody to tie on a card with a personal note on.

Pic8 Tree of remembrance in the Vinery


Pic9 Happy turnips carved and decorated by our garden student Michaela






















Pic10 The popular Bonfire with the wise woman doing her spells


Have a great Halloween and enjoy the last few autumn days!


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke



Things you can do in your garden in November:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Take cuttings of soft fruits like Currants or  Raspberries
~ Propagate rhubarb by division and replant immediately


To plant:

~ Plant out herbaceous plants left sitting in pots

~ Plant bare-rooted roses immediately after receiving order, water in well
~ Order and plant bare-rooted trees, shrubs and hedges; until the end of February

To harvest:
~ Any vegetables left in ground like spinach, leaf beet, carrots, parsnips, cabbages
~ Curley Kale after first frost idealy
~ Last of apples and pears, check storage for rotten ones on a regular base

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Tidy lawns of leaves to avoid rotting
~ Power wash surfaces to prevent slippery surfaces
~ Feed spring cabbages with own liquid comfrey

Garden Blog September 2018

Welcome back to our first autumn edition of the monthly garden blog for this year.

Autumn entered quite dramatically with ‘Ali’ taking its toe on the Irish Westcoast, especially here in Connemara.

It was one of the worst storms  I have witnessed in my 17 years here, even so it was not forecast to have such a damaging impact. Few shallow rooted trees like Sycamore came down and the avenues were hardly visible anymore since a layer of leaves, twigs and branches made them blending in with the surrounding woods.

Pic1 A storm casualty – Sycamore tree at the Teahouse


I also never  saw such a windburn on the leaves of all type of plants. The scales came straight from the Atlantic and the salt contest must have been immense which lead to an even greater damage of the leaves. All  Cannas looked shredded afterwards and the Herbaceous Border was all of a sudden nearly flowerless. Well, that’s nature (maybe not at its best!) and we have to deal with it somehow!

Pic2 Burned leaves of apple trees


Otherwise the garden has still a nice display of flowers (few stronger ones survived!). The Sedum in the long Ribbon beds fully opened up their flower heads and have their annual show at the moment. We started to take out summer bedding plants like Tagetes already to prepare for the upcoming autumn planting with spring bedding for next year.

Pic3 Ribbon beds in full bloom


Pic4 Flower display before ‘Ali’ came along…


Pic5 Summer bedding gets cleared out by Michaela


We just held another Vegetable sale and Carrots, the last of the Potatoes, Garlic, Onions, Beetroot, Red Cabbages, Beans and more sold fast.

The Broccoli has developed nice heads and they look quite attractive at the moment, its a pity to cut them off!!

Pic6 Broccolli ‘De Cicco’ (Calabrese)


Pic7 Broccoli ‘Purple Sprouting’


 Pic8 Small selection of our Veg and fruit


Pic9 One of the last harvested potatoes ‘Flourball’, an old heritage variety from around 1870


These were our French and Runner beans, before the recent storm flattened the whole structure. The weight of the plants itself did probably not help. We are looking into the design of a more sturdy structure, a nice winter project!

Pic10 Our beans in better days


One typical element in Victorian gardens was the planting of specific Cutflowers which were and still are used for decorating dining tables for special events in the big house. It is lovely to just browse through the beds and pick the best ones out, topped up by greenery like ferns and shrubbery.

Pic11 Cutflowers after ‘harvesting’


Pic12 Small Bouquet for the dining table in the Abbey


I think our two pigs Gloria (left) and Ken slept right through the stormy weather, they are happy out as usual and devour treats like apples and carrots! Ken makes sure he is always getting the first bite!

Pic13 Our two Kunekune’s


The Fernery had a lovely display of Cyclamen; the recent clearing of overgrown ferns helped to open up space for these delicate flowers.

Pic14 Cyclamen in the Fernery



I will be back with more news in October, enjoy the sunny days!


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

Garden Diary August 2018

We are already half way through the month of August and there is a hint of autumn in the air already. Well, definitely on a day like today. It is cool, rainy and blustery. The leaves are falling already, especially after the early hot summer we had. On a nice sunny day the garden is still at its height and the colour seems to be very intense this year, especially the blue, yellow and whites. So I will concentrate a bit more on our flower garden display for this blog.

The blue of the Agapanthus, the African Lily, in combination with white flowering Crinum x powellii ‘Album’, the Crinum Lily, work well together with the colours of the Head Gardeners House as the backdrop. The shade of paint on the building is called Capri or as we call it Victorian Green.

Pic1 African and Crinum Lilies in front of the Head Gardeners House

The blue flowering Lobelia ‘Chrystal Palace’ and the yellow blossom of Tagetes tenuifolia ‘Golden Gem’ are giving a strong contrast in the Flower Garden and underline the formality of the Victorian Garden. The lighter blue of the Hydrangeas compliments  the Capri colour of the main gate and the dark plum shades of the ornamental  Prunus ceracifera ‘Pissardii’ work well with the Canna in the small circle bed and the red bricks of the surrounding garden wall.

So it is always important to not just look at the single bed planting but at the overall look of the garden which is not always the easiest if the weather and plant quality does not play along.

Pic2 Annual summer bedding in formal flower garden

On the way up to the Vinery  the long Ribbon beds  are coming  into bloom now. There are our main flowering beds in the later season.

Fuchsia ‘Tom West’, Anaphalis triplinervis and Sedum spec.’Brilliant’ would be the main flowering plants for this time of year. They keep flowering until nearly the end of October.

                                                                      Pic3 Fuchsia ‘Tom West’ and Anaphalis triplinervis (Pearl Everlasting) in the Ribbon beds

              Pic4 Ribbon beds leading up to the Vinery

On the north slope in the formal flower garden we have the ‘Snake’ beds, so called because of their unusual shape.

They  have an edging plant of Lobelia ‘Chrystal Palace’ but a center planting of yellow Tropaeolum ‘Golden King’ with an interplanting of Antirrhinum ‘Black Prince’ and ‘Brighton Rock’, different heritage varieties of Snapdragons.

Pic5 Snake beds

Pic6 Snake beds in the distance through the branches of the Monkey Puzzle tree.

Our D-beds at the Parterre, also called after their shape…, have a taller center planting since positioned in a leveled bed.

The early summer heat was very much in favour of specific plants like Amaranthus caudatus, Love Lies Bleeding, or the white flowering Lavatera ‘Mont Blanc’ which would not flower half as good without the heat.

To the back right is the back wall of a former Vinery visible, one of the original 21 glasshouses.

Pic7 White Lavatera, maroon flowering Amaranthus and grey leaved Senecio

Otherwise the gardeners are busy at each corner of the garden.

A lot of harvesting and replanting in the Vegetable Garden is going on. The onions are been  taken out and left on the plot for drying and the garlic is hanging up in the glasshouse, also for drying. They will be sold bit by bit at our Vegetable sale.

Pic8 Garlic drying off in glasshouse

The first Runner and French beans were also harvested, the french beans especially need a lot of heat and sun to do any good.

We will harvest Beetroots and the main crop potatoes next and new beetroots will be planted at the same time. The empty potato plots will get either green manure or a planting of different chards, spinach or lettuces.

Pic9 Runner beans ‘Cosse Violet’ (dark) and ‘Bluelake Stringless’ (green)

It is hard to believe that the summer is nearly over, it seems like that busy times pass much faster!

Below are my usual garden tips, just in case you are not busy enough at the moment.

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

Things you can do in your garden in August:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Sow Green manures in empty vegetable plots
~ Start to sow spring bedding for next year like Bellis, Forgetmenots, Stocks
~ Take cuttings of non flowering shoots of Fuchsia, Pelargonium and Hydrangea
~ Last sowings of overwintering crops like leaf beet, beetroot, mizuna

To plant:

~Spring cabbages for overwintering

~ second sowing of Beetroot
~ Plant and water shrubs or perennials left in pots
~ Plant out more catch crops like lettuce and spring onion

To harvest:

~ Onions, Garlic
~ Courgettes and Marrows
~ Last of Potatoes
~ Lettuce, Spinach, Leaf beet, Cabbage, Kale, Beetroots
~ Plums

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Dead head summer bedding and herbaceous plants once a week
~ Cut back bolting vegetables like Spinach, Leaf beet, Kales etc.
~ Prune summer fruiting raspberries (cut out this year’s fruiting stems, leave new shoots)
~ Summer pruning of apples and pears, especially wall fruits
~ Pruning of Plums and Cherries (Don’t prune in winter to avoid silver leaf disease)
~ Clear first leaves of lawns and paths

Garden Blog July 2018

Welcome back to the July edition of my garden blog from the Victorian Walled Garden in Kylemore Abbey.

The temperatures went back to a more ‘normal’ or I would say typical Irish level and our irrigation system could be switched off during the night times. The recent showers were enough to bring the soil back to its usual moist consistency. I know that other places are still struggling with the drought and there will be long term consequences for many farmers and horticulturists. The recent rainfall in combination with very humid conditions let the grass, flowers, vegetables and of course weeds grow like mad. Also our Buxus hedges  still look green and you could nearly forget that the dreaded Box blight is in every single plant waiting to strike again. We are taking many cuttings of alternative plants like Ligustrum delavayanum at the moment to try out the most suitable substitutes.

Pic1 Buxus sempervirens (Box) boarding our Vegetable plots


I am just back from our restaurant where I dropped off a selection of Herbs and edible flowers like these of Nasturtiums and Garlic Chives. They will be used in different dishes like  Bagels with smoked Salmon and fresh fennel leaves from the garden.

Pic2 A selction of freshly harvested Herbs and edible flowers


Long rows of Cabbages, Leafbeets, Chicories  or Beetroots are accompanied by  the bright coloured Calendula officinalis. This type of planting is called Companion Planting and acts in favour for the Vegetables in many ways.  Calendula for example can repel whiteflies and kill bad nematodes. But is also attracts many other insects and looks beautiful with the crops. A regular dead heading will prolong the flowering season by many weeks.

Pic3 Calendula officinalis in one of the plots along side Chicory


The runner  and french beans are happy out this year. The heat wave was a great favour to them and we can expect a good and healthy crop.

The same counts for our Courgettes, Marrows, Squashes and Pumpkins. It must be many summers ago when we had such a good harvest of Courgettes and Marrows. It nearly feels like an endless supply and we try out all variations of Courgette dishes, from baking cakes, making chutneys, mixed salads with raw courgettes or courgette muffins.

Pic4 Our Runner and French bean plot


Pic5 A twin act of Courgette ‘Green Bush’


The first crop of peas and Mangetouts is harvested, the old plants taking out and replaced with new seedlings. We are hoping to get a second crop this year, all depending if the weather plays along.

Pic6 First crop of pea ‘Lincoln’ with a companion planting of Tagetes tenuifolia


Pic7 Our garden students picking Mangetouts and peas for the Vegetable sale

Our pear trees along the south facing north wall on top of the garden are doing quite well , much better then the ones on the west facing wall. A bit of fruit and leaf thinning will encourage the other fruits to develop and ripen even better.

Pic8 Pear ‘Margueritte de Marillant’, a dessert variety first introduced in France 1872


The flower garden is also at its heights at the moment. Replacement seedlings just got potted on and will be planted bit by bit to fill into the gaps created by faded plants. Full displays were one of the main Victorian Garden secrets and we are still trying to achieve this despite a few obstacles like heavy rain, droughts or upside down seasons. Below are a few images of the actual flower display in the formal garden.

Pic9 The Parterre beds with Diamond Hill in the back ground


Pic10 Close up of Parterre bed with raised sharp lawn edge which was very typical for Victorian Gardens; Head Gardener House in the back ground


Pic11 Display on the South Slope with typical dot plants like Agaves, Cordylines or Cannas


The two Kune Kune pigs are enjoying their summer, too and are carefully watched by Jenny, our garden cat. I wonder what went through Jenny’s mind when I saw her spying on Gloria Summer, our pig lady, few days ago.

Pic12 Gloria Summer & Jenny


Pic13 Bee taking off from the herbaceous perennial plant Inula hookeri


I will finish this month garden blog with these animal impressions.

Plenty of work will keep us busy for the coming few month. With more from the Walled Garden of Kylemore in August.


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke


Things you can do in your garden in July:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Take cuttings of non-flowering shoots of Santolina, Dianthus, Pelargonium, Hydrangea or Fuchsia

~ Sow more Green Manures to cover plots
~ Pot on the last of this year’s summer bedding as backup plants
~ Sow spring cabbages like ‘April’ or Curley Kales for over wintering

To plant:

~ Plant out potted plants into borders and water well in
~ Replace summer bedding if necessary
~ Plant out more catch crops like lettuces and spring onion

To harvest:
~ Soft fruits like Gooseberries or Red Currants

~ Courgettes, Marrows
~ Mangetouts, Peas, Broad beans
~ First Potatoes
~ Lettuce, Spinach, Leaf beet
~ Herbs for drying or for fresh herbal teas like Sage or Mint

To maintain & prune & feed:

~Feed annuals in pots or planters on a regular base
~ Cut down Comfrey and use as mulch and feed
~ Regularly dead heading of bedding plants like Calendula and herbaceous plants for continues flower display
~ Check vegetables and flowers for pest and diseases e.g. cabbage root fly, caterpillars, green flies, blight
~ Prune shrubs like Weigelia after flowering
~ Feed lawns and Box hedges

Garden Blog June 2018

The summer is landed; landed with the full force here in the Victorian Walled Garden of Kylemore Abbey. The temperatures are creeping up to 30 degrees in the shade and it is close to 40 degrees in the glasshouses. The essential watering is done on a automatic system from 4 am onward. By the time the garden opens to the public at 9 am nearly every corner got enough water to last the day. Saying this, all plants in trays, pots and the glasshouses need hourly watering and regular damping down! We are quite lucky here since we get out water from a deep lake on top of the mountain behind the garden.

Pic1 It is hot!


The heat in combination with the regular watering lets the plants thrive. The plots in the Vegetable Garden are covered nicely and the first Mangetouts, Courgettes and lovely sweet Strawberries are ready for harvesting.

The potatoes had a slow start this season and the first early spuds are still two to three weeks away from harvesting.

Pic2 Brassica Plot with Cabbage ‘Red Drumhead’ in the front




Pic3 The first early potato plot with ‘Sharps Express’, Diamond Hill in the background


Our broad beans are very late this year, too. We normally harvest them before the Mangetouts. That will show you once again how unpredictable seasons can be.

Pic4 Broadbeans and Lettuce ‘Continuety’, Tagetes as companion planting


The heat in the Vinery is nearly unbearable without sufficient ventilation and moisture. But the effect on the plants is immense in these tropical conditions. It  looks like a mini jungle at the moment and the grapes are well on their way.

Pic5 A lush jungle in the Vinery




Pic6 Passiflora caerulea, Passion flower in the Vinery


The herbaceous border is lovely at the moment. Shades of yellows, whites, blues and reds are the main colours. The flowers of Hosta sieboldiana is particularly nice and a show stop. The whitish blossom goes well with the blue-grey foliage. The dry spell keeps luckily the slugs away, too. The leaves of Hostas would be one of their favorites.


Pic7 Hosta sieboldiana


Pic8 Digitalis ambigua – the Yellow Foxglove


It must be one of the best years for roses. Talking to other gardeners confirmed our experience. The size of the rose blossoms and the abundance seems to be twice as big as in a ‘normal’ year. Few of our old garden roses from Victorian times struggled in previous years but have a healthy growth this season.

Pic9 Rose ‘Irene Watts’, a double China rose dating back to 1896


Pic10 Rose ‘Boule de Neige’, a strongly scented Bourbon rose from 1867


The Rockery shows a splash of colour, too at the moment. Low growing perennials, bulbs and shrubs fill the graveled areas between the natural rocks.

Pic11 The Rockery in June


Strong colours of purples, oranges and blues together with different grey tones are dominating in the Parterre. Dot plants like Trachycarpus and Phoenix palms grow in the center of the beds. Our big Monkey Puzzle tree in the center of the parterre is nearly too big as a dot plant and will be transplanted into a new position coming autumn where it can grow into a proper tree.

Pic12 Parterre beds with Monkey Puzzle tree as centre piece

Lets hope this fantastic weather will last for another while, maybe with a bit of rain during the night times!

Enjoy your own garden or the gardens around you!


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke


Things you can do in your garden in June:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Continues sowing of  spring onions, lettuces, spinach, leaf beets

~ Re-sowing of summer bedding as replacement plants like Nasturtiums, Calendulas or Tagetes

~ Take softwood cuttings of shrubs like Fuchsia


To plant:

~ Plant pumpkins, marrows and courgettes; put straw around plants

~ Plant potted plants into final positions, feed and water well

~ Plant out more lettuces, spring onion, spinach



To maintain & prune & feed:

~ Early morning watering of new crops and bedding is essential in dry periods

~ Prune shrubs after finishing flowering (Deutzia, Weigelia…)

~ Summer feeding of  lawns but only when watered in afterwards

~ Start to deadhead herbaceous plants and annuals regularly

~ Look out for caterpillars, green or black flyes and signs of blight

Garden Blog May 2018

A ‘happy gardening’ welcome back to all our readers. We have hit our busiest time of year and planning each day  is crucial at the moment. Thousands of bedding plants, vegetables, cut flowers, herbs, rockery plants and herbaceous are waiting to be planted into their final positions. All of the sudden the weather is picking up and its quite warm, even hot during the day.

The last of the spring flowers are been taken out at the moment; despite the cold and wet spring we had a nice display which lasted a good few weeks. The picture below shows our Parterre still planted with spring bulbs and bedding from few days ago. The heavy rain a few weekends ago beheaded most Tulips and we were left with a rather sad display.

Pic1 The Parterre with Tulip ‘Peach Blossom’, Forget-me-nots and Bellis


We set up a display in our Vinery to inform the curious visitors about the many different spring flowers . This will be changed and updated with flowers in season regularly.

Pic2 Seasonal display of flowering plants like Tulips, Wallflowers or Fritillarias in our own Kylemore pottery made on site


Pic3 Tulip ‘Greenland’, a non Victorian newer variety outside the Walled Garden in front of the former Chaplains house; it’s a fantastic long lasting and tall Tulip which looks great in combination with the Buxus and the painted green window frames


Now is an important time for the ‘in between’ plants or early summer flowering plants. These will carry the flowering display over to the summer season. Perennials like Ajuga reptans, Centaurea montana or Camassias, Alliums and early flowering Lillies play an important role in our garden.

Pic4 Flowering Ajuga reptans (Blue Bugle) in our Vinery beds


Pic5 Cammasia cusickii (Quamash or Indian hyacinth) just opening up in the Herbaceous Border


Also the shrub border has plenty on offer at the moment. Some early flowering shrubs like Kerria japonica have finished by now and should be cut back. Others like Syringa (Lilac), Weigelia or Lamium, one of my favourite ground-cover plants, have taking over now. And not to forget Azaleas and Rhododendren cultivars of cause. They play a vital role in many woodland gardens throughout Ireland and England.

When you plan Borders make sure there is always interest throughout the year, achieved through flowers, the colour and texture of leaves or the winter colour of the bark.

Pic6 Flowering Lamium galeobdolon (Yellow archangel) as groundcover in our shrubborder



Pic7 Weigelia middendorffiana, a lovely pale yellow variety of Weigelias


Pic8 Syringa vulgaris ‘Charles Joly’ – Lilac


Pic9 Azalea ‘Norma’ in front of the Head Gardeners House


So what is happening in the Vegetable Garden at the moment?

We eventually finished the painstaking work of putting up all supports for the Broadbeans, Peas, Mangetouts and for the Climbing Runner and French Beans. The bamboo canes for the supports for the Runners need to be tied with a very strong wire in order to withstand the storms we experience sometimes. We spent a bit of time this yearo building permanent supports for the Broadbeans and peas so we can easily  dismantle and re-use them next year again.

Pic10 Bamboo canes for the Climbing Beans


The Brassica plot is doing well; the cover of fresh Seaweed kept the Cabbage rootfly away so far and is feeding the hungry plants at the same time. It seems to be also a curiosity to many visitors who never seen Seaweed before.

Pic11 Fresh Seaweed on Cabbages and Kales


The fruit trees seem to have an unusual amount of blossom this year. The Crab apples are like white clouds bordering the Vegetable garden and the pears and cherries are not short of blossom, too. I also noticed a good few bees around so hopefully we will have a good crop for harvesting.

Pic12 Apple blossom a few days before opening ; note the different types of  lichens which look amazing


Pic13 Our oldest apple tree ‘Golden Spire’ which is approximately 60 years old


Pic14 Fan trained Pear trees along the brick wall to the east of the garden


The Head Gardeners House is getting a new layer of paint at the moment and we are planing a small exhibition with botanical paintings from the garden by different artists.  The former Head Gardener, living and working in the house had a fantastic view from the house and could see every corner of the garden since the trees were only small back then. There was no ‘hiding’! Below is his work desk as it might had been back then.

Pic 15 Desk in office of former Head Gardeners House


Lets hope the summer will stay with us a bit longer, even so we are under pressure to get the watering of the many plants done every day!

I will be back with more news in June.


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke


Things you can do in your garden in May:

To Sow / Propagate:
~ Sow Carrots and Parsnips (end May to avoid Carrot fly)
~ Succession sowing of radishes and lettuces

~ Pot on more annuals as backup plants
~ Take softwood and non-flowering cuttings of Fuchsia and Pelargonium
~ Take softwood cuttings of shrubs

To plant:

~ Plant out potted plants to prevent pot bound
~ Start to plant out summer bedding in final position and protect against slugs (try coffee ground)
~ Plant beans, chards and kales into final positions
~ Plant Tagetes and Calendula as companion plants between your crops to attract beneficial insects

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Water plants and lawns well in dry spells, mainly in mornings or evenings

~ Prune spring flowering shrubs like Weigelia or Forsythia after finishing flowering

~ Trim formal hedges of Buxus, Fuchsia or Escallonia and feed them
~ Take out spring bulbs for usage in different spots for coming season
~ Put up supports on taller perennials, broad beans and sweet peas



Garden Blog April 2018

Welcome back to our April edition of our garden blog.

Finally there is a hint of spring in the air. Like many other businesses dealing with mother nature like farmers or nurseries, we also suffered a bit under the endless lasting cold and wet conditions. The weather just did not allow us to move seedlings outside to be hardened off and were piling up inside the glasshouse. Every corner was used for seed trays and the watering of the same took a bit of maneuvering.  Thankfully our new set of coldframes is finally in full working order and makes a huge difference in getting the small plants to the next stage. Bee and Co must be hungry at this stage and they will have a nice feast in our woodland behind the Fernery where the Wood Anemones and Lesser Celandine are creating a lovely spring carpet theme at the moment.



Pic1 Our new coldframes in front of the propagation glasshouse


Pic2 Vegetable seedlings like Lettuces, Cabbages and Kales in the coldframe for hardening off


Pic3 Wood Anemones and Lesser Celandine in our woodland behind the Fernery


Pic4 Fritillaria meleagris, Narcissus ‘Rip van Winkle’ and Narcissus canaliculatus in the Ribbon beds


The busy time in the Vegetable garden also kicked off. The first early potatoes like ‘Epicure’ or ‘May Queen’ were planted four weeks ago and the ‘British Queen’ are getting planted coming week.

Pic5 Ulick is preparing the ridges for the first earlies


The time is flying as usual and we had a very busy time within the last four weeks. On top of our ‘normal’ garden work we were also holding two big events.

The first one was our annual Easter Egg Hunt. Close to 500 children and their families came to look for all the hidden eggs and bunnies along the Easter trail. As part of the the trail we had a naming competition for our two Kunekune pigs. They had a name already from the previous owner so we felled they deserved a second one. We picked the names from all the lovely entries (few were quite ‘unusual’!); so we can now re-introduce to you  ‘Gloria Summer’ and ‘Ken Scamper’.

Pic6 Gloria Summer (left) and Ken Scamper (right)


Pic7 Our new ‘Pig Sty’ sign


Our second event was the Kylemore Abbey Food Village as part of the Galway – West of Ireland Food Charter. County Galway was the European Region of Gastronomy 2018 this year and we were holding a full day of gastronomy related events and local producers here on the whole estate of Kylemore. Also the Walled Garden played a big role and local businesses and organisations like the Connemara Bee society had a stand with a hive of live bees for example.

Pic8 Members of the Connemara Bee Society

Sally and John McKenna and myself did a guided walk through the garden for visitors with a herbal tea tasting at the end. Freshly harvested Sage, Thyme, Mint and Lemon Balm were on offer and many went for a ‘herbal cocktail’ (Non alcoholic of cause!).

Pic9 Sally Mc Kenna (right) and myself at the Herbal Tea tasting

There was also a bit of baking and jam making going on in our Head Gardeners House and Heike, our local basket maker presented her skills outside the former Tool shed.

Pic10 Heike with her selection of self-made baskets


We were very fortunate with the weather and Ann Cassin from Nationwide, the crew from Week on the Farm and Galway Bay FM were here that day to capture the event.


You can see that a Head Gardeners Job can be very multi-faceted, which makes our job so interesting and I can truly say that it is never boring!

With that note I will finish for today, please find below few more images of our Easter Egg Hunt and the usual monthly garden tips.


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke




 Pic11 Little bird houses in our woodland play area


Pic12 Easter Bunnies on a day out


Pic13 Flying bunnies in our Vinery


Things you can do in your garden in April:

To Sow / Propagate:
~ Sow Pumpkins and Courgettes

~ Succession sowing of radishes and lettuces

~ Pot on more annuals as backup plants

To plant:

~ Plant out rooted Strawberry runners if weather allows it
~ Plant Lettuces, Cabbages, Kales, Spring Onions, Peas, Broad beans
~ Divide and plant Herbaceous perennials before main growth starts

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Moss treat, aerate or scarify lawns, especially after the recent wet winter

~ Feed all fruits with pot ash

~ Put up supports on taller perennials, broad beans and sweet peas

Garden Blog March 2018

Our spring garden season is well on its way, even so it was partly disrupted by severe weather conditions we and the whole of Ireland experienced two weeks ago. We  would normally be the last place to get snow but this time we were lucky or should we say unlucky,too. The garden had to be closed for three days since the garden paths were not visible anymore and the whole garden looked like a white blanket. Quite stunning to look at I have to say. But the snow was not the real problem; the freezing temperatures going down to minus 6 played a bigger role. These late frosts are creatinga  few issues with early seedlings and the budding of fruit bushes. On the other hand low temperatures are important for the soil structure. Once we knew there was frost on the way we started to dig over the vegetable  plots. The dry spells in between also helped and the plots got a nice preparation for the coming season. We also mixed well rotted manure into the plots for improving the level of nutrients.

Pic1 Our coldframes are covered under a foot of snow


                                                                                                    Pic2 The Walled Garden under a white blanket


Pic 3 Crocus ‘King of Striped’ nestled in snow


Pic4 Frozen Waterfall in Kylemore


Pic5 The thaw after the big freeze


Pi c6 Jenny found a heated spot in one of our propagation boxes – to our dismay


Pic7 Freshly dug over plot in our vegetable garden


But few days of sun and warmer soil made the spring come back and the daffodils and Hyacinths jumped. The other spring bedding like Forget-me-not or Wallflowers are still behind and will probably only flower in two or three weeks time; all weather depending of cause!

Pic8 Narcissus ‘King Alfred’


Pic9 Hyacinth ‘Ann Mary’


I mentioned our seedlings earlier on. The propagation of the thousands of seeds still had to go ahead, despite the cold conditions. So once again our glasshouse is filled with little seedlings of vegetables and annual summer bedding. A good few seedlings like Calendulas, Cabbages or Tagetes are already big enough to be pricked out and potted on into bigger trays. Our space in the glasshouse is limited and warmer weather is needed very soon so we are able to move the many trays into our coldframes.

Pic10 Seedlings on mass


We just finished pruning all pear and apple trees, a time consuming job which should be done every winter. Diseased wood should be cut out and last years growth cut back by half, to an outer facing bud.

Our garden students Anna and Veronika had also a go; these are one of the experiences they get during their placement here in Kylemore Garden.

Pic11 Pruned Wall pear trees


Pic12 Anna & Veronika pruning an apple tree




It is also time to think about sowing the first potatoes. In order to do this they need to be put into light for budding about four weeks before planting. This process is called ‘chitting’.

Pic13 Chitting first early potatoes


And once again we were holding our annual tree planting week which is taking place during the first week in March.

All local national schools and our local creche took part again and planted native Oak and Birch trees. Especially for the creche it is a very special event and it is a pleasure to see the three to four year old children planting proudly their first trees.

Pic14 Our local creche children are planting a tree


We also had another rather unusual event last week. We received our first pigs since they used to keep them at the farm back in the old days. These two very unusual looking Kune Kune pigs, an old heritage breed originating in New Zealand from the 19th century, will add to our customer experience at the Victorian Walled Garden. They will be kept for show and not for the plate! The pigs use the lovely old Herdsman Bothy as they home with a grazing garden outside. Especially children will be amassed by the different looks, very unlike Peppa Pig! We will have a naming competition for the children attending the Easter Egg Hunt on Easter Sunday.

                                                                                                                                     Pic15  Arrival of our two Kune Kune pigs


Enjoy your spring garden!

Your Head Gardener
Anja Gohlke


Things you can do in your garden in March

To Sow / Propagate:
~ Sow first early potatoes as soon as soil is warming up
~ Move vegetable seedlings of Lettuce, Radish and  Kale into cold frames to be hardened off
~ Continue sowing summer bedding plants and prick out when big enough
~ First sowing of green manure
~ Take cuttings of non-flowering shoots of Pelargonium or Fuchsia

To plant:
~ Plant Broad beans and stake well
~ Plant onions, shallots, garlic
~ Last chance to plant bare- rooted trees (Much cheaper than potted trees!)
~ Divide and transplant perennials in borders
~ Divide & replant chives (also great in borders and good for black flies on roses)

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Service all garden machinery before first use
~ Sharpen edging shears regularly
~ Cut back Willow hard for later use as supports, baskets etc.; grade and store in cool place
~ Last chance to prune Gooseberries, could be trained like cordons or fans along wires
~ Feed all fruit trees and bushes with potash
~ Feed herbaceous borders with soil improver like chicken pellets and own rotted compost
~ Feed Spring Cabbages with Seaweed powder



Garden Blog for February 2018

Welcome back to our monthly garden blog from the Walled Garden of Kylemore Abbey for 2018.

The official start of the Irish spring time only happened on the Calender this year. We experienced very cold conditions in the last few days with sleet, hail and even a bit of snow. That will put a hold on our annual spring display, many Bellis, Daffodils and Crocuses have started to bloom already. Saying this, it is also a lovely time to take pictures with a sprinkle of snow in it, especially around here where snow is rather rare.

Pic1 Melting snow on our new set of cold frames in front of the propagation glasshouse

Talking about snow, the first snowdrops are flowering nicely in the fernery once again. They are really the sign that the new garden season has began. We did a lot of work in the fernery this winter.A few stronger growing ferns like Blechnum chilense, the Chilean hard fern, overgrew smaller varieties and needed to be reduced.

Also, to our surprise one of our treeferns which we thought we had lost during the big freeze in 2010 produced a lovely healthy looking side shoot which we did not noticed for a long time. So a garden can be full of suprises.

Pic2 Snowdrops in the fernery


Pic3 View from the bridge into the fernery


The Vegetable Garden is still in hibernation mode. The ground is very wet and crops like Curley Kale, Chard or Spring Cabbage which stayed in the plots during the winter montsh are holding the soil together.

It is time to put the first seed potatoes for sprouting into the light. Another month and its time to plant the first early ones. We spread ours on trays in the tunnel. That will give them enough light to sprout. ‘Epicure’, Duke of York’, ‘May Queen’ and ‘Sharps Express’ will be the first ones going out.

We also started our yearly marathon of seed sowing. The first vegetable seeds like Spring Onions ‘White Lisbon’, different Cabbages and  Lettuces were sown in our propagation glasshouse. More will follow from now on every week until the glasshouse is packed with seed trays.

Like every year the Rhubarb is putting out its first tender stalks already. The crowns are still protected by a layer of rotted manure so the recent frost won’t do them any harm.

Pic4 First Rhubarb stalks covered with snow


I ordered a variety of old Rhododendren varieties a while ago and we planted them into the woodland inside the garden and also into a new planting area outside our main east gate. These varieties like Rhododendron falconeri or Rhododendron grande originate in Bhutan, China or Nepal and were introduced to Europe by the great botanist,plant hunter and explorer Joseph Dalton Hooker in 1850. Hooker went to the Himalayas for a plant expedition for three years and brought back many different Rhododendren varieties, especially from the Sikkim valley. His story is quite fascinating and it is great to be able to still buy these plants nowadays. So hopefully our newly planted Rhododendron will soon flower as nicely as one of our other old hybrids last May, Rhododendron ‘Pink Pearl’, dating back to 1897.

Pic5 Rhododdendron ‘Pink Perl’ last May


There are plenty of other jobs which still need to be done at this time of year.

We are in the middle of pruning all Apple and Pear trees. A slow enough job since the Pear trees are trained as Espaliers along the garden walls and need special attention when it comes down to pruning.

The wild Rhododendron (ponticum) clearing is slowly coming to its end for this winter. We managed to clear a big area on the mountain side on the way over to the restored Gothic Church. The now exposed trees and mountain streams are lovely to look at and let somebody imagine the original layout of the estate before the Rhododendren took over.

Pic6 Cleared woodland on Kylemore estate


Below are the usual monthly garden tips and few more images of Kylemore in winter (‘spring’!).


Pic 7 View from Formal Flower Garden to Diamond Hill early morning


Pic 8 View over Pollacappul Lake


Pic 8 Our little friends!


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke


Things you can do in your garden in February/beginning March:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Start to sow summer bedding and vegetables seeds in modules indoor

~ Chit first early potatoes like ‘Epicure’, ‘Duke of York’ or ‘Sharps Express’

~ Pot on and feed potted plants


To plant:

~ Plant new shrubs or groundcover plants in borders

~ Perfect time to plant bare-rooted fruit trees or hedges

~ Continue to lift, divide and replant herbaceous plants

~ Transfer and plant Snowdrops after flowering


To harvest:

~ Last of Leeks, Spinach, Parsnips, Curley Kale, Jerusalem Artichokes

To maintain & prune & feed:

~ Prune shrubs like Buddleia back hard

~ Fertilize soft fruits, roses and vine plants with well-rotted Farm Yard Manure

~ Maintain, sharpen and repair tools etc., clean pots and trays

~ Prepare ridges in vegetable garden for first crops end of the month

~ Lawns could get first cut on high setting if ground is suitable and not too wet or frozen

~ Power wash all hard surfaces and treat for moss early March

Garden Diary December 2017

A warm welcome back to our last Garden Blog for this year. I have just browsed through last years December blog and it was quite interesting to see that the cold spell started nearly on the exact same day. Heavy hail showers battled our little spring bedding plants in the beds but no major damage was done. The biggest threat to the many planted spring bulbs is actually  from birds at the moment. A daily inspection of the beds shows that many bulbs are getting taken out ‘very neatly’. One of the challenges a gardener has to face!

Pic1 Spring bedding in a frosty grip


Now is a good time to transplant herbaceous plants. Its a very time consuming job but also very rewarding since you are reproducing your own plants for nearly nothing! Today I started to divide and replant Phlomis russeliana, commonly known as Turkish sage. The root system is very neat and a fork can easily split bigger clumps without damaging the plant itself.

Pic2 Dividing Russian Sage


The list of winter jobs can be endless,  and time is running by very quickly . Before we know it, it will be time to order and sow next years crops. Right now every day is  being used to cut back old growth and to clear overgrown areas and to transplant perennials and shrubs and to update data bases  etc..

The Herbaceous Border is nearly cut back and a fresh layer of our own compost will cover and feed the soil and plants and prepare the border for the coming season.

Pic3 The Herbaceous Border in mid winter – the south-facing side is getting much less sun then the north-facing side


All plots without any crops left were covered with black plastic again, like every year. This technique proves very successful in our garden and a layer of seaweed or rotted farm yard manure will slowly break down and feed the plot under the plastic. The result is a lovely rich and dark soil which is so important in a Vegetable Garden.

Pic4 Rob and Bobby covering a plot


Pic5 Declan digging in green manure before covering the plot


Most plots would are still covered with all types of crops like leeks, leaf beets, spring cabbages or parsnip. They are used up bit by bit until the next growing season starts.

Pic6 Leeks and Leaf Beets


Pic7 The curly Parsley is still lovely green and used by our chefs


All the tender plants were moved inside a couple of weeks ago and enjoy a warmer climate in the heated glasshouses. The gauge is set on a low temperature of about 6 to 8 degrees Celsius since our tender plants are not used to tropical heat. A daily aerating of the glasshouses is vital to avoid fungus, mould and green flies. It is lovely to see that our Strelitzia in the Vinery is flowering the second time this year. It seems to be the right conditions for the plant.

Pic8 Strelitzia – ‘Bird of Paradise’ in bloom at the moment


This time of year is also the time we tackle our extensive Rhododendron problem here in Kylemore! We cleared a lot on the lower ground along the estate avenues in recent years and new tree saplings have finally a chance to develop into nice trees. A recent purchased wood chipper makes the whole process more manageable and the chips will be either be spread straight back into the woodland or used as a light cover on borders.

Pic9 Rhododendron clearing


The Christmas feeling  has really kicked in here in Kylemore Abbey and all the facilities around the estate are decorated in a festive manor. The dining room in our Head Gardeners House is set up for the Christmas dinner and the baking preparations are on the way in the kitchen next door.

It is a special time of year and I love to stroll through the old buildings; after all these years it still feels very unique!

Pic9 The dining room in the Head Gardener House


Pic10 Ready for baking Christmas treats!


Pic11 A bit of decoration in the Workmen’s Bothy


When I walked up to the Abbey yesterday I had to capture this moment. It is very rare to see snow here in Connemara and the contrast with the Cordyline tree in the front seems quite spectacular!


I wish all my readers a warm Christmas and a good start into the New Year. It will be interesting to see what the new season will bring.

I will be back with News from the Victorian Walled Garden in February 2018.

Nollaig Shona Duit!


Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke


Things you can do in your garden in December and January
To Sow / Propagate:

~ Grafting of apples etc.

~ Start to sow first vegetables like lettuce indoor in modules
~ Sow first Garlic outside in suit if ground suitable
~ Grafting of apples etc.

To plant:
~ Divide and replant herbaceous plants

~ Plant bar-rooted roses and fruit trees when danger of ground frost is gone
~ Order & plant bare-rooted trees and hedges

To harvest:
~ Last of Carrots and Parsnips
~ Leeks, Spinach or Leafbeet

~ Curley Kale

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Winter pruning of Apple & Pear trees
~ Prune climbing roses by half
~ Clean and tidy potting sheds, tool sheds, propagation trays, pots etc.
~ Check on stored Potatoes, bulbs and fruits for diseases and dispose affected ones
~ Check Apple and Pear trees for sign of canker and cut out if occurring
~ Prune Grape vines, leave about two to three buds of laterals (side shoots of this years growths)
~ Clean up Herbaceous Borders, cut down old growths