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Garden Diary July 2017

Welcome back to this month’s Garden Diary from behind the walls of the Victorian Walled Garden of Kylemore Abbey.

Our annual student scheme, consisting of five French and German students has once again proven very successful . A weekly plant identification is part of the placement and Rob, our Supervisors enjoys the interaction when teaching the students.

Pic1 Plant ID in the formal flower garden

 

We had the Midland Heritage Potato Group in our garden yesterday and it was a pleasure to show them the entire garden but more importantly the heritage varieties of potatoes we grow. We had a potato seed exchange at the end of last year and the group was very interested to see how their seeds, for example ‘May Queen’ had grown out here in Connemara.  Swapping  information such as growing conditions, building up ridges or dealing with pests and diseases was another very positive outcome of this tour.

Pic2 The ‘Midland Heritage Potato Group’, July 2017

 

This year seems to be a very good Berry year. We grow all different types of soft fruits; one of them is Red Currant ‘Laxtons Nb.1’, an old Heritage variety dating back before 1900. The Red- and White Currants are easy growing plants and do well in our climate. We are lucky that birds don’t go for them around here; a misfortune a lot of gardeners have to deal with.

Pic3 Red Currants en mass

 

Pic4 Heavy crop of Gooseberries ‘Careless’

We started our ever so popular Vegetable Sale again and the most asked for crop was, as usual,  the potato. The first varieties we took out were ‘Duke of York’ and ‘Epicure’. The demand was so high that we had to pre-pack and ration the amount we had, one bag per person. We were sold out after ten minutes!

Pic5 Declan and Ulick are digging first early potatoes

 

Pic6 Ready for sale

 

Pic7 Weekly vegetable sale for our Kylemore Staff

 

The Flower Garden is nearly at it’s height and regular dead heading is essential at the moment to prolong the flowering season. We experienced a bit of a heat wave over the last two days. Even though we are ventilating and damping down as much as possible we still reached a temperature of 41° C. All glasshouse work was done early morning to prevent heat strokes and the shaded Fernery was on the top of the work wish list for a change!

Pic8 Formal bedding scheme with Tagetes tenuifolia and Tropaeolum ‘Empress of India’ in front of our Vinery

 

Pic9 The colourful Parterre at the former glasshouse complex with the Head Gardener House in background

 

I love the early hours during the summer month. The hazy sunshine is dipping the mountain range in a blurry light and makes the whole scene even more mystical. The picture below is actually highlighting how many trees were planted  by Mitchel Henry on the whole estate over 130 years ago, about 300 000 trees within 10 years.

Pic10 View over the Herb Garden and Vegetable Garden

 

That’s all the news and updates from the Walled Garden in Kylemore Abbey for the moment. Enjoy the fruits of your hard labour, it’s worth it!

Please find below the usual monthly gardening tips.

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Things you can do in your garden in July:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Sow more Green Manures to cover plots
~ Take cuttings of non-flowering shoots of Fuchsia, Pelargonium and Hydrangea
~ Pot on the last of this year’s summer bedding as backup plants
~ Start to sow spring bedding like Wallflowers and Bellis for next year’s spring display  beginning August
~ Sow spring cabbages like ‘April’ or Curley Kales for over wintering

To plant:
~ Replace summer bedding if necessary
~ Plant out more catch crops like lettuces and spring onion
~ Plant squashes, pumpkins, marrows and courgettes & feed regularly

To harvest:
~ Soft fruits like Gooseberries or Red Currants
~ Mangetouts, Peas, Broad beans
~ First Potatoes
~ Lettuce, Spinach, Leaf beet
~ Herbs for drying or for fresh herbal teas like Sage or Mint

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Cut down Comfrey and use as mulch and feed
~ Regularly dead heading of bedding plants like Calendula and herbaceous plants for continues flower display
~ Check vegetables and flowers for pest and diseases e.g. cabbage root fly, caterpillars, green flies, blight
~ Prune shrubs like Weigelia after flowering
~ Feed lawns and Box hedges

Garden Diary June 2017

June is coming to its end and we are right in the middle of this years summer season. The beds are filled with mainly annuals; the first summer bedding plants like Petunia integrefolia or Salvia ‘Oxford Blue’ have started to bloom. Early summer flowering bulbs like ornamental Allium christophii or Gladiolus ‘The Bride’ are on enjoying their  moment but will fade soon enough to make room for the main summer plants.

Pic1 View from the south side to the north side of the formal flower garden

 

Nectaroscordum siculum, the Sicilian honey garlic, would be another early summer flowering bulb. If you follow my garden blog regularly you will notice that I have mentioned this plant before; I just love its delicate look among other taller plants. It is a very reliable and long living bulb and doesn’t seem to rot in wet ground like other bulbs.

Pic2 Sicilian honey garlic beside Euphorbia mellifera (Honey spurge)

 

The high season has also started in our Herbaceous Border and purple, yellow and pink tones have taken over from a late spring display. Irises, Geraniums and Yellow loosestrife fill the border with vibrant colours. Gaps are filled with annuals like Tropaeolum or with biannuals like Digitalis, Verbascum or Althea. Work never ends in this border and it is important to stay on top of things like dead heading or edging.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pic3 Iris, Geranium and Yellow loosestrife

 

We did a lot of planting in our Rockery earlier this year and many of these mainly dry loving plants are in bloom right now like Campanula muralis with its intense deep mauve blossom. I hope the summer will be dry enough for these plants to settle well and also to last several seasons, a challenge we have to face every year.

Pic4 Campanula muralis

The buzz is also going on in our Vegetable garden; it is not always easy to stay on top of all the jobs which need to be done. Weeds, grass and seed heads are growing at the same speed as the vegetable plants themselves so constant checking, cutting, picking, tilling, hoeing, tying and checking for pests are on the daily task list these days. The great weather this May really encouraged  growth and  our Potatoes, Broad beans and Mangetouts are doing particularly good.

Pic5 Potato ‘British Queens’

Also our Globe Artichokes are well on schedule,a few are ready for harvesting. We would always leave a few heads on since they just look very attractive.

Pic6 Artichoke ‘Green Globe’

In between the vegetable plots we have tripods made with our own willow, where we grow heritage varieties of Sweetpeas. Our collection has about 20 varieties which were all introduced before 1901. One of the most successful would be ‘Painted Lady’, a double coloured white and pink Sweetpea. The scent always brings back memories of my German granny; the Sweetpea was her favorite flower!

Pic7 Sweetpea (Lathyrus) ‘Painted Lady’

 

We had lovely visitors in the garden yesterday. The pre-school class of our local creche came over to look at their newly planted trees from the National Tree planting week last March. All were exited to see that the trees have grown already and a treat of freshly picked Raspberries went down well with the boys and girls.

Pic8 The local pre-schoolers

 

We also gave our ever popular ‘stand-still’ sheep herd a special treatment. After an intensive body scrub and a bit of painting they are back in position at our Tea house just outside the Walled Garden.

Pic9 Our ‘easy maintenance’ sheep family (no feeding or running after needed!!!)

 

I will be back with more news in July, happy gardening!

 

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Things you can do in your garden in June:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Sow more lettuce, radishes, spinach, green manure to replace old ones

~ Second sowing of summer bedding as replacement plants like Calendulas or Tagetes

~ Take softwood cuttings of shrubs like Fuchsia

 

To plant:

~ Plant potted plants into final positions, feed and water well

~ Plant out pumpkins, marrows and courgettes; stake if necessary

~ Plant more lettuces, spring onion

~ Plant last of Herbaceous annuals and biannuals

 

To maintain & prune & feed:

~ Prune shrubs after finish flowering (Deutzia, Weigelia…)

~ Summer feeding of  lawns

~ Morning watering of new crops and bedding is essential in dry periods

~ Feed annual bedding plants and baskets every couple of weeks

~ Start to deadhead herbaceous plants regularly

~ Look out for caterpillars, green or black flyes and signs of blight

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Diary May 2017

Welcome back to the May edition of the Garden Diary  for Kylemore Abbey & Garden.

We have just experienced a new record here in Connemara for late April and early May; nearly twenty days without rain. Visitors from Germany were delighted to escape the cold and wet conditions on the continent. The amazing weather let the landscape shine in all its glory !

Many plants got a head start and the blossom on the rhododendron cultivars never seemed as plentiful.  The old heritage varieties ‘Pink Perl’ and ‘Sapplo’ showed an especially fantastic display.

 

Pic1 Rhododendron ‘Pink Pearl’ with view to the restored Vinery

 

Pic2 The Head Gardener House with Rhododendron ‘Sapplo’ to the left

 

The dry weather also gave us a good head start in planting our summer display. The spring bedding and bulbs were taken out, bed by bed, like  in every other year, and replaced with annual summer bedding such as Tagetes tenuifolia, Alyssum, Chrysanthemum multicaule or the ever famous Lobelia in different shades. The watering of these  is essential in dry periods such as have  just experienced and we even had to set our automatic irrigation system for a couple of hours during early morning hours.

Pic3 Our garden student Clothilde, planting Alyssum in the spiral beds

 

Nearly all tender plants have been moved outside by now and are brightening up the former glasshouse bases . Fuchsia arborescens in particular has an abundance  of cerise pink flowers at the moment. This evergreen tree Fuchsia can grow up to 180 cm but needs to be moved inside during the winter month’s. We also use this type of Fuchsia as dot plants in our formal bedding layout throughout the flower garden.

Pic4 Fuchsia arborescens in full bloom

 

Our fernery is always at its best around May when most Primulas are in bloom. Different types of Candelabra primroses give a nice statement and in combination with the flowering wild garlic, blue bells, different ferns and other architectural plants like Astelia make this area in the garden  one of my favourite places around this time of year.

Pic5 Primula ‘Millers Crimson’, wild Garlic, Iris and Astelia to the right with ferns in back ground

 

 

Pic6 Primula bulleriana in combination with Camassia

 

Pic7 Ostrich fern (left), male ferns (right), Blue bells, Arum and Bamboo in background

 

The ongoing work in our Vegetable garden seems to be endless at the moment. Every day new vegetable seedlings are ready for planting like French and Runner beans, Swiss Chards or tomato plants for inside the vinery. The first lettuces are also ready for harvesting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pic8 Lettuce ‘Red Winter’ and ‘Winter Density’ ready for harvest, Onions in background

 

The warm weather conditions were ideal for our strawberry plants and the first small fruits are already visible. Lets hope that they have a chance to ripen well. Coffee grinds will hope fully prevent the slugs from enjoying them before we get a chance to!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pic9 Strawberry ‘Royal Sovereign’

 

Chive is another versatile plant; mainly grown for the leaves. The flower heads are very useful for decoration purposes or used as edible flowers and give a lovely splash of colour to the garden. Once they finish flowering we  cut back the whole plant to the ground to let it grow on again.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pic10  Flowering chives

 

During the last few month we have gotten a lot of maintenance issues sorted. One job would have been to restore the hooks for our hanging baskets. These will need to be painted with our typical Victorian green paint before we put them up on the baskets.

Pic11 Restored galvanised hooks for the hanging baskets

 

Timing is crucial when running a  restored public garden like ours. I waited for about 9 month to get another prolonged dry spell to get all the outside painting jobs in the garden done. The two brothers, Hughie and Anthony, worked so effectively and quickly that they finised the many paininting jobs within a week, well done!

Pic12 Sun cream was needed!

 

Lets hope for the best for the coming few month; it would be a pity to turn back to the usual wet Connemara.

 

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Things you can do in your garden in May:

To Sow / Propagate:
~ Sow Carrots and Parsnips (end May to avoid Carrot fly)
~ Succession sowing of radishes and lettuces

~ Pot on more annuals as backup plants
~ Take softwood and non-flowering cuttings of Fuchsia and Pelargonium
~ Take softwood cuttings of shrubs

To plant:

~ Plant out potted plants to prevent pot bound
~ Start to plant out summer bedding in final position and protect against slugs (try coffee ground)
~ Plant beans, chards and kales into final positions
~ Plant Tagetes and Calendula as companion plants between your crops to attract beneficial insects

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Water plants and lawns well in dry spells, mainly in mornings or evenings

~ Prune spring flowering shrubs like Weigelia or Forsythia after finishing flowering

~ Trim formal hedges of Buxus, Fuchsia or Escallonia and feed them
~ Take out spring bulbs for usage in different spots for coming season
~ Put up supports on taller perennials, broad beans and sweet peas

Garden Diary February 2017

A warm welcome back to all readers of this monthly garden blog of the Walled Garden of Kylemore Abbey.

Time seems to run at an amazing speed at the moment and the weeks just  fly by. This is the time for all Head Gardeners to plan, to research, to organise, to order and to make decisions which will influence the year ahead. Its my busiest time of the year and its vital to get it right to insure a smooth running of the coming season.

It must be one of the mildest and driest winters here at the west coast of Ireland, in the heart of Connemara. The mild conditions led to an early spring display and Crocuses and Daffodils  started to flower ahead of schedule.

Pic1 Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis ‘Flore Pleno’) in our Fernery, planted the previous autumn

 

Pic2 Crocuses started to flower in our Woodland and the flower garden

 

Pic3 Early Narcissus ‘Rip van Winkle’, an old Irish heritage Variety, planted in a Victorian urn

 

This fact means for us that the summer bedding should be ready for planting just a bit earlier this year to ensure a constant show of flowers. We are in the process of sorting the newly purchased seeds at the moment. Every detail like delivery dates, introduction year, seed nursery and sowing instructions will be catalogued.

Pic4 Sorting and cataloguing new seeds

 

I also ordered few shrubs, ferns and trees to fill gaps and add to the existing plant stock. We decided to get two new tree fern which will be planted as dots in our formal lawns, like in Victorian times. Sadly all tree ferns were lost during the harsh winter of 2010. I was hoping that they might come back but I think that 6 years are a long enough waiting period! The new tree ferns will stay in pots and will be moved into the vinery to overwinter.

Pic5 New tree ferns waiting to be planted outside

 

We used the winter month to tidy and paint, repair and sort out all corners of the garden, and endless job. We also made new plant supports from iron rods for our herbaceous border. These are nice and strong supports and should last several years. The rusty look works well with the fresh green of the perennials I think.

Pic6 New herbaceous supports

 

New growth is peeping out everywhere and the first Rhubarb stalks with a very intense red give a nice splash of colour to the Vegetable Garden.

The figs which grew already last year are very much visible on the leafless branches and look a bit odd in the middle of winter. The sheltered position on the south facing lower wall in the garden gives them a great advantage.

Pic7 New Rhubarb stalks

Pic8 Figs

We used up a good few of our endless supply of Jerusalem Artichokes. We only dig them on demand and will probably use them also raw in salads in our restaurant. They give a lovely crunchy texture to salads but need a bit of seasoning to it.

Pic9 Jerusalem Artichokes

 

Last year I planted a peach tree in our Vinery along the south facing wall. It just started to flower and it will be interesting to see if we get any fruits this summer.

Pic10 Peach ‘Amsden’ in our Vinery

 

Our garden cat ‘Cotton Jenny’ loves attention so much that she found her favourite spot just right on top of our guest book, also in the Vinery. Several remedies to prevent this happening did not work, so we have to find another solution!

Pic11 ‘Cotton Jenny’ at her prime spot

 

The grounds of Kylemore Abbey give great sceneries, especially during the winter month with the low sun. It can be quite spectacular driving to work with this view!

Pic12 Morning sun and low clouds in Kylemore Abbey

 

The old Camellia below the Abbey walls is in full bloom already. The contrast between the grey stone and the intense pink is always eye-catching.

Pic13 Flowering Camellias and Ribes below the Abbey

 

This is all for this month, a great garden season with all sorts of challenges and delights in front of us. Enjoy your new gardening year!

Below the usual monthly garden tips.

 

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Things you can do in your garden in February/beginning March:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Start to sow summer bedding and vegetables seeds in modules indoor

~ Chit first early potatoes like ‘Epicure’, ‘Duke of York’ or ‘Sharps Express’

~ Pot on and feed potted plants

 

To plant:

~ Plant new shrubs or groundcover plants in borders

~ Perfect time to plant bare-rooted fruit trees or hedges

~ Continue to lift, divide and replant herbaceous plants

~ Transfer and plant Snowdrops after flowering

 

To harvest:

~ Last of Leeks, Spinach, Parsnips, Curley Kale, Jerusalem Artichokes
To maintain & prune & feed:

~ Prune shrubs like Buddleia back hard

~ Fertilize soft fruits, roses and vine plants with well-rotted Farm Yard Manure

~ Maintain, sharpen and repair tools etc., clean pots and trays

~ Prepare ridges in vegetable garden for first crops end of the month

~ Lawns could get first cut on high setting if ground is suitable and not too wet or frozen

~ Powerwash all hard surfaces and treat for moss early March

 

 

Garden Diary for December 2016

Welcome back to our last garden blog for 2016.

What a year it was! The weather in the last four weeks was absolutely amazing; much better than what we had experienced the previous four month! With around 90 ml of rain this was one of the driest Novembers we have ever  had .

This frosty, sunny and very clear weather is a dream for every photographer (counting myself as only an amateur!). The colors are come out so much better with the low sun. The topography of the garden and surrounding landscape means that especially during the winter month the low sun won’t get into all parts of the garden which creates very interesting patterns. It also means that few areas are getting more ground frost then others and wont thaw at all during the day in cold spells.

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Pic1 A frosty morning in the Walled Garden

 

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Pic2 Light ground frost in the Parterre with Hemp Palm

A few plants like the subtropical Hemp Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) can withstand temperatures as low as minus 7 degrees Celsius. If we  experience colder weather then this, we would wrap them in fleece to protect in particular the base or heart of the palm.

Other tender looking plants like Fatsia japonica are even more hardy and can be left unprotected to as low as minus 12 degrees Celsius. We would never wrap ours and the frost coated leaves and flowers give a very Christmassy effect.

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Pic3 Fatsia after frosty night

 

A few days ago we found this little Robin, or ‘Santa’s Birdy’ my four year old daughter would say, just outside our glasshouse. He probably flew against one of the many windows and was a bit knocked out. After few minutes of intensive care, which meant mainly to keep him safe from our two bold cats and few drops of water, he took off again!

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 Pic4 Our little rescue friend!

The recent ground frost played an important role for the soil structure in our garden, especially in the Vegetable garden. The empty plots were dug over recently and the frost could break down the soil nicely which is very important for the next growing season. Nothing is worse then wet and compacted soil. We do as much as possible to prevent this as naturalyl as possible.

A layer of our own Farm Yard Manure was spread on the plots afterwards and  a few plots were covered with black polythene, which is not the most attractive material but will help to prevent washing out important nutrients from the soil during the coming winter month.

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Pic 5 Freshly spread Farm Yard Manure

 

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Pic 6 Black Plastic prevents washing out important nutrients in soil

All of our roses got a pruning within the last two weeks, too. A layer of compost and manure around the base of the roses will protect and feed at the same time.

I also planted two ‘new’ old heritage varieties of roses in one of the formal beds ( Bourbon rose ‘Boule de Neige’ from 1867 and the Gallica rose ‘Belle de Crecy’ from mid 19th century). Six plants of each variety should cover the circle bed nicely in the coming season. When you plant roses it is important to plant the grafting point below the soil level to protect it.

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Pic 7 Rose bed after pruning

 

Visitors and non-gardeners always ask us what we  do during the winter period, well here is the answer: Our main jobs at the moment are  mainly of cutting back perennials, roses and overgrown shrubs, taking out invasive plants, dividing herbs and perennials,  preparing beds for the next year, improving drainage, tidying and cleaning corners which were left unattended during the busy season, tidying the glasshouses etc. etc..  There is no shortage of work and maybe we will be lucky this winter and get a bit more of the recent weather conditions!

I wish all my readers a very Happy Christmas and all gardeners a well earned rest. I will be back with more news from the Walled Garden of Kylemore Abbey in February 2017. Below are few more images of the last two weeks and also the usual gardening tips.

Nollaig Shona Dhaoibh!

 

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

 

20161123_091035Pic8 Parterre with view to Diamond Hill

 

20161123_090920Pic9 Verbena rigida after a frosty night

 

20161123_091156Pic10 Frosted Georgian red brick

 

20161123_091236Pic11 Victorian planter with Forget-me-nots

 

20161123_092658Pic12 View from the Herb Garden

 

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Pic13 Kale ‘Black Tuskany’

 

20161123_093339_001 Pic14 View over the North Slope after sun rise

 

20161126_094352Pic15 Side entrance into the Vegetable Garden

 

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Pic16 View over the Vegetable Garden

 

Things you can do in your garden in December and January
To Sow / Propagate:

~ Start to sow first vegetables like lettuce indoor in modules
~ Sow first Garlic outside in suit if ground suitable
~ Grafting of apples etc.

To plant:
~ Plant bar-rooted roses and fruit trees
~ Plant and divide herbaceous in borders and herbs
~ Plant bare-rooted trees and hedges to replace old or dead ones

To harvest:
~ Kale & Cabages
~ Last of Carrots and Parsnips
~ Leeks, Spinach or Leafbeet

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Start winter pruning of Apple & Pear trees
~ After flowering prune deciduous trees and shrubs for a balanced shape
~ Prune climbing roses by half
~ Clean and tidy potting sheds, tool sheds, propagation trays, pots etc.
~ Check on stored Potatoes, bulbs and fruits for diseases and dispose affected ones
~ Check Apple and Pear trees for sign of canker and cut out if occurring
~ Prune Grape vines, leave about two to three buds of laterals (side shoots of this years growths)
~ Clean up Herbaceous Borders, cut down old growths

 

 

Garden Diary for November 2016

Welcome back to our second last edition of the garden blog for the Victorian Walled Garden of Kylemore Abbey for this year.

Our recent Halloween event within the garden walls went very well; the amazing weather on this day played a huge role. The theme for this year was a Traditional Village Halloween like many hundred years ago. We had some outside activities like carving Turnip lanterns with Old Jack, a sing song and brush dancing in front of the old tool shed or fortune telling using saucers with wise Ann outside the Vinery . The traditional ‘Colcannon’ dish, made with spuds and Curley kale and homemade Brack were served by Molly in our Head Gardeners House.

20161030_122943Pic1 ‘Old Jack’ is carving lanterns out of Turnips

 

20161030_133910Pic2 The ‘Old Cailleach’ or wise woman is protecting brave Erin from evil spirits like traditionally done many hundred years ago.

 

I also built an insect hotel in our woodland with the visiting children and all names of the participants are written on a board on top of the hotel . It was great fun to see so many kids of all ages eager to play their little part in designing a cosy winter home for bugs and co. .

20161030_142634Pic3 The Insect Hotel is finished!

 

A Bonfire outside the garden walls finished this special event and the fairy tree with all charms, tied on earlier by the children, was burned to let all wishes come true. This Bonfire was originally a symbol to welcome the new Celtic Year!

20161030_160613Pic4 The Bonfire is finishing the Halloween event

 

The dry autumn weather made it possible to plant all spring bedding and bulbs in record time; it made this annual process very enjoyable and an easy task this year. I remember well that we had to plant in full rain gear during hurricane like weather conditions last autumn!

20161018_095528Pic5 Tilling the beds after topdressing with our own compost

 

20161018_121031Pic6 Planting out Myosotis (Forget-me-nots)

 

There are still plenty of crops in the vegetable garden. Empty plots will be covered soon either with Seaweed or plastic to prevent washing out of the soil during the winter months. We are still amazed at the size of our Cabbages this year and will leave them in as long as possible. Also our Carrots are still lovely and are getting harvested bit by bit.

20161026_144509Pic7 The Head Gardener beside our huge Cabbages ( I am 172cm tall!)

  A few flowers are still hanging on and refusing to accept the end of the season for example this lovely Althea nigra which we tried for the first time this year.

20161026_144147Pic8 Althea nigra still in full bloom

 

Finally there is no end of the leaves falling in sight giving lots of special work to our gardeners and maintenance crew! Saying so they really gave a special autumn feeling this year. We blow them off paths and lawns but leave them in our woodland and the fernery to root down.

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Pic9 Leaves on a seat in our fernery

 

Now, that’s all for this month and I hope we will experience another few nice  weeks heading up to Christmas. Below are a few gardening tips for this month as usual.

 

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Things you can do in your garden in November:
To Sow / Propagate:

~ Take cuttings of soft fruits like Currants or  Raspberries
~ Propagate rhubarb by division and replant immediately

To plant:

~ Plant bare-rooted roses immediately after receiving order, water in well
~ Order and plant bare-rooted trees, shrubs and hedges; until the end of February
To harvest:
~ Any vegetables left in ground like spinach, leaf beet, carrots, parsnips, cabbages
~ Curley Kale after first frost
~ Last of apples and pears, check storage for rotten ones on a regular base

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Tidy lawns of leaves to avoid rotting
~ Power wash surfaces to prevent slippery surfaces
~ Feed spring cabbages with own liquid comfrey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Diary for October 2016

During the last two weeks we have experienced a pleasant and unexpected spell of lovely autumn weather; hazy sunshine let the autumn colours on trees and the surrounding landscape glow in warm tones and it was easy to accept the end of this years main season. Off-seasons can be very delightful when experienced under ‘proper conditions’!

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Pic1 View over the Herb and Vegetable Garden with the Diamond Hill to the right

 

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Pic2 The Mausoleum ‘tucked in’ under a canopy of trees

Most summer bedding plants are coming to an end, but a good few are still hanging in there and visitors are surprised at the late colour within the Walled Garden. Saying that, it is this time of year where we start to take the annual display out and replant spring bedding plants and bulbs. All summer bedding will go straight on our compost heaps where they rot down during a period of about nine months. A feed of powdered Seaweed, our own Comfrey and regular watering will speed up the rotting process. This years compost is exceptionally good, we did not even have to sieve it. The dark humus can be incorporated into the soil straight away which makes the planting of small spring bedding plants very easy.

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Pic3 A still colourful autumn display in early October in the Formal Flower Garden

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Pic4 Summer Bedding comes out and goes straight onto the  compost heap

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Pic5 Fresh Compost is incorporated into beds before planting

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Pic 6: Spring bulbs in our Bothy and waiting to be planted, a net prevents mice attacks

 

This year was a very good one for apples in contrast to last year where we hardly had any.  Our new Orchard where we only grow Irish Heritage varieties did particularly well. The nicest one would be the variety ‘Valentine’ (Not because of the name!). The flesh is very juicy and not too sweet. ‘Valentine’ must have gotten its name from the colour of the skin, though!

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Pic7 Apple ‘Valentine’ ready to be picked

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Pic8 Crab Apples are also ready for harvesting

 

We sadly lost our 18 year old cat Gadafy in August this year. She was part of the garden for so many years and it was not easy to see her go. Saying this, she was a great age for an outside cat! She must have caught thousands of mice in her life time. Gadafy was the last of our three original cats from restoration times, so we felt we have to give some other cats a new home instead.

So, Jacky and Jenny, both animal rescue cats,  joined our team recently and they are best friends already. They also stay on top of their daily duties and keep the mice population down as much as possible!

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Pic9 Jacky (left) & Jenny; I also call them Yin & Yang, even so the black is male and not negative at all!

 

That’s all the news from the Walled Garden for now.

 

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Jobs you can do in your own garden in October:

To Sow or Propagate

~ Freshly picked seeds of perennials

~ Semi-ripe cuttings of shrubs

~ Pot on pot pound plants into next size pots and feed

 

To Plant

~ Hedges, Fruit trees and bushes

~ Spring bedding and bulbs

 

To Harvest

~ Everything what’s still out there!

(Nuts, Pears, Apples, Carrots, Parsnips, Leeks, Cabbages, Beetroot…)

~ Leave crops like Turnips or Leeks in ground for another while, can even overwinter if wanted

 

To Maintain

~ Autumn feed lawns, scarify if moss is bad

~ Keep on top of fallen leaves, rake or leave-blow regularly

~ Power wash slippery surfaces

~ Clean Gutters, could be a big build up of leaves

 

 

 

 

Garden Diary September 2016

Welcome back to the September edition of our garden Blog / Diary.

The weather could not have been more extreme within the last 36 hours.

Torrential rainfalls which resulted in heavy floods and in lakes coming over roads and walk ways changed hands with the most beautiful calm and sunny autumn weather one can only imagine. Visitors to our area could witness and film quite dramatic scenes within the last few days! Thankfully  Kylemore Abbey & Garden escaped bad damages; one horse chestnut gave in and lots of debris and leaves everywhere but it could have been worse. Nearly exactly one year ago we had even worse floods with over 95 ml of rain. So lets focuses on the sunny side of the Walled Garden of Kylemore.

The early autum display in the Formal Flower Garden is nice and strong at the moment. Shades of yellow, oranges, reds and blues are dominating in between the lush green of the formal lawns.

20160906_151952

 

 

Pic1 Red Hot Pokers, Lobelia & Bistort near the East Gate to Garden

 

20160907_171713 Pic 2 View over to the Vinery

 

Finally our tomatoes ripened and are ready for harvesting. These old varieties are all grown inside our restored Vinery where they get the most amount of heat and sun. The plants would never stand a chance outside in the elements. We are propagating a selection of old heritage varieties like the huge beef-tomato ‘Brandy-wine’, dating back to ca. 1880 or the smaller type ‘Yellow-Pear’ tomato which is grown for its unusual shape and colour.

20160908_132445 Pic3 Beef-Tomato ‘Brandy-wine’, from around 1880

 

20160908_132533 Pic4  ‘Pear-Shaped Tomato, from around 1850

 

We have a good crop of climbing and French beans this year. The need to be picked every few days to avoid getting to stringy. If you want to harvest your own seeds of beans you could leave the pods on much longer, until beans are fully grown. We always keep a selection of our own bean seeds for the coming season. Below is a selection of few of the varieties we are growing this year. The purple one will turn green when cooked, so don’t expect purple French beans on your plate!

20160909_094325 Pic5 Left: Runner bean ‘Painted Lady’, Middle: French Bean ‘Cosse Violet’,

Right: Climbing French Bean ‘Blue Lake Stringless’

These varieties are also all old heritage varieties, ‘Painted Lady’ is even dating back to the 17th century!

 

Our indoor Peach tree ‘Amsden June’; planted this spring on the south facing wall inside our vinery had a good seasonal growth. I started to fan-train this years shoots along bamboo sticks. This needs to be repeated with new shoots annually until the desired wall space is filled. We might have a first crop of peaches next year?

20160908_132635Pic6 Peach tree ‘Amsden June’

 

Just opposite the peach tree, right along the curved windows are our vines. The grapes are just ripening and disappearing on the lower brunches  mysteriously more every day!

20160908_132610 Pic7 Grape ‘Black Hambourgh’

 

We had and still have a lovely bunch of students this year. They are doing an internship with us and are mainly horticultural students or landscape architects. Wet days are mainly used for propagating seeds, potting on plants or the maintenance of our glasshouses. To give them a new challenge we decided to enter the era of ‘Insect hotels’. You can see them nearly in every garden by now, so the students took on the task and came up with this charming structure below. They used only leftover pieces of timber, bricks and bamboo sticks. We still have to find a proper spot for it in our vegetable garden. Well done students!

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That will be all for this month garden diary, please find below the monthly garden tips as usual.

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Garden tips for your own garden for September / Beginning October:

To sow/propagate:

~ Pot on more spring bedding plants like Wall flowers

~ Propagate shrubs from semi ripe cuttings

~ Sow overwintering green manure like ‘Landsberger Mix’ in vegetable plots

 

To plant:

~ Plant or pot on shrubs or perennials left in pots

~ Last crop of Lettuces, Spring Onions or Spring Cabbages

~ New lawns after scarifying

 

To harvest:

~ Apples, Pears, Nuts, Blackberries

~ Carrots, Cabbages, Kales, Lettuces, Beetroots, Spring Onions

~ Runner Beans, French Beans, Dwarf Beans

~ Herbs; also for drying

~ Seeds of desired plants like

 

To maintain & prune & feed:

~ Start to blow leaves of lawns regulary

~ Pick up fallen fruits, they will only attract rodents

~ Moss treat and scarify lawns

~ Prune summer fruiting Raspberries, Gooseberries and Currants

Garden Diary June 2016

Welcome back to our June edition of the garden blog of the Victorian Walled Garden in Kylemore.

What  fantastic weather we have had here in the west of Ireland in the last three weeks. The heat and overnight irrigation let all plants including the vegetables jump and double in size. The heat also encouraged the first blossoms of our summer bedding to open up. It feels like we are right in the middle of the summer season already. I  have to admit that the rain during the last two days was quite welcome….something only gardeners and farmers will understand !

Pic1 Shamrock beds

Pic1 Shamrock beds with a mixture of summer and late spring flowering plants

 

Pic2 Snake beds

Pic2 Snake beds with early summer colour of Tropaeolum ‘Empress of India’

 

Pic3 South Slope

Pic3 View from south slope over to the former glasshouse complex

There are also nice early summer flowering shrubs in bloom at the moment. Weigelia, Philadelphus, Deutzia or Cotoneaster are a few of the  shrubs you could consider if you are looking for colour in your border at this time of year.

Pic4 Philadelphus coronarius

Pic4 Philadelphus coronaries

 

Pic5 Weigela coraeensis korean weigela

Pic5 Weigelia coaeensis

 

Clematis ‘Nelly Moser’, positioned on the polls at the parterre, has huge flower heads this year but the blossom is not as intense as in other years and seems more white then pink. It might be due to the hot spell during the last weeks. I find it very interesting to see how the plants behaviour is adapting to different climates.

Pic6Clematis 'Nelly Moser'

Pic6 Clematis ‘Nelly Moser’

This behaviour is also very noticeable in the Vegetable garden this season. As mentioned in the May edition already the Brassica plot is just exploding and for once our newly planted Courgettes and Marrows don’t look too battered from heavy rain falls and cold conditions. The Mangetouts, Peas and Broad beans have plenty of flowers and will soon produce the first crop. Also our first early potatoes like ‘Champion’ are well on the way and promise a good yield. The first harvest of different Lettuce varieties was used in our restaurant for salads.

Pic7 Mangetouts and Marrows

Pic7 Mangetouts & Peas

 

Pic8 'Monster' Cabbages

Pic8 ‘Monster’ Cabbages

 

Pic9 Potato 'Champion'

Pic9 Potato ‘Champion’

There are not many empty spaces left in our Herbaceous Border; a few annuals like Tropaeolum or biennials like Verbascum, Digitalis or Althea still need to be planted. The climbing roses in the border are flowering quite early this season so early deadheading will be important.

Pic10 HB Dianthus and Geranium

Pic10 HB Dianthus and Geranium

 

Pic11 Rose 'Blue Magenta'

Pic11 Rose ‘Bleu Magenta’

 

Pic12 Iris before opening up

Pic12 Iris flower before opening up

It is one of our busiest times of the year; so much is happening in every corner of the garden and I have to admit that it is a challenge to stay on top of it. There is no long term planning possible at the moment since the weather and priorities change daily, even hourly! High visitor numbers are greatly welcomed but also create few challenges in itself. Noisy machinery work like hedge trimming needs to be done in the mornings which restricts us a bit in finishing jobs on the same day.

Let’s hope the recent summer conditions return soon and we are able to keep working on our gardeners ‘tan’.

Your Head Gardener

Anja Gohlke

 

Things you can do in your garden in June:

To Sow / Propagate:

~ Thin out carrots and parsnips, put net up against carrot fly

~ Sow more lettuce, radishes, spinach, green manure

~ Take softwood cuttings of shrubs like Fuchsia

 

To plant:

~ Plant out pumpkins, marrows and courgettes

~ Plant more lettuces, spring onion

~Plant last of Herbaceous annuals and biannuals

 

To maintain & prune & feed:

~ Summer feed lawns

~ Thin out vines / grapes and feed

~ Morning watering of new crops and bedding is essential in dry periods

~ Feed annual bedding plants and baskets

~ Start to deadhead herbaceous plants regularly

~ Look out for caterpillars, green or black flyes and signs of blight

 

 

Garden Diary May 2016

The summer has landed…well, at least for the last two weeks. The much needed heat finally brought all the spring bulbs out into full bloom. The colour scheme this spring was mainly based on a red, white, dark pink and yellow colour scheme.
Tulip ‘Van der Neer’, Bellis ‘Carpet White’ and Tulip ‘Colour Cardinal’ were the strongest varieties this spring. We also planted a new heritage variety of Scilla in our Herbaceous Border for early colour and Scilla peruviana, dating back to 1753, worked out well and looked very delicate in between other herbaceous plants.

Pic1-Tulip-Van-der-Neer-in-the-Parterre-1024x576

Pic1 Tulip ‘Van der Neer’ in the Parterre

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Pic2 Tulip ‘Colour Cardinal’ in front of the Vinery

 

Pic3-Scilla-peruviana-1024x576

Pic3 Scilla peruviana

The very wet conditions which we experienced last winter and spring did not help with the full development of the annual spring bedding plants like Forget-me-nots or our wall flowers. The Forget-me-nots in particular were unfortunately lacking in flower abundance compared to other years. But there you go, a gardeners job is always very challenging and never the same. Adaptation is a key element in a successful gardener’s life cycle.
Our summer bedding plants are well on the way and a few were already planted into their final positions. Calendula ‘Orange King’, an old heritage variety dating back to the 19th century, is one of the best and easiest growing summer annuals. I am planning to make my own Calendula hand cream this year, using the flower petals of this variety and of the common one, Calendula officinalis. Well, at least that’s the plan, the same one I already had last year….

admin-ajax                                                     Pic 4 Calendula officinalis in between Cabbage ‘Red Drumhead’ in 2015

 

Pic5-Fresh-Seaweed-on-out-Brassica-plot-1024x576                                                                   Pic5  Fresh Seaweed on out Brassica plot

 

Pic6-New-lettuce-plants-mulched-with-coffee-ground-hardly-visible-1024x576                                                            Pic  6 New lettuce plants mulched with coffee ground (hardly visible)
May is always the busiest time of the year in our garden. Taking out spring plants; drying, cleaning and storing the bulbs; replanting the summer bedding on mass into exact locations; cultivating the whole vegetable garden; starting to trim our hedges like Buxus, Escallonia, Fuchsia and Acer; sowing and potting on, weeding…the list is endless. Sometimes, especially on a rainy day there is no end in sight. This year we tried out a few alternative methods to keep pests like slugs or the cabbage root fly under control. A heavy layer of fresh seaweed, spread in between the new Cabbage plants will hopefully do the trick to keep the root fly away. I know that the use of seaweed is an ancient tradition, especially around here in Connemara but we haven’t used fresh seaweed for a long time within the garden walls. Going through very old Horticultural books I came across an article about the threaded cabbage root fly, which will result in loss of your Cabbage plants through eating of the roots. You only notice the damage when it is too late and the plant is withered. The positive side effect of the seaweed application is the natural fertilizing of the plants. We have not seen our seedlings as big and healthy for many years; despite the wet and cold spring.

    Pic7-Vegetable-Garden-in-full-swing-1024x576

Pic7 Vegetable Garden in full swing

We also started to use coffee grounds around fresh seedlings, vegetables and bedding, to keep the slugs away. I always heard about this remedy but never thought it would work out so successfully. We have a daily supply of new coffee grounds from our Teahouse outside the garden walls, so we actually use a side product which would be normally dumped, as slug control and again as a fertilizer. The results are phenomenol! Our usage of slug pellets was reduced by 2/3.

 

Pic8-Flowering-Azaleas-1024x576
Pic8 Flowering Azaleas

That’s all for now, I am back with more news next month!
Your Head Gardener
Anja Gohlke

Things you can do in your garden in May:

To Sow / Propagate:
~ Sow Carrots and Parsnips
~ Sow more radish and lettuces
~ Take softwood and non-flowering cuttings of Fuchsia and Pelargonium
~ Take softwood cuttings of shrubs

To plant:
~ Start to plant out summer bedding in final position and protect against slugs (try coffee ground)
~ Transfer leeks outside into final position
~ Plant Tagetes and Calendula as companion plants between your crops to attract beneficial insects

To maintain & prune & feed:
~ Aerate and sand lawns if not done earlier

~ Trim formal hedges of Buxus, Fuchsia or Escallonia and feed them
~ Dead head flowers of spring bulbs like Tulips for strong flower displays next year
~ Watering of new crops and bedding is essential in dry periods
~ Put up supports on taller perennials, broad beans and sweet peas
~ Prune spring flowering shrubs like Weigelia or Forsythia after finishing flowering